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Faux Pas

Catullus 101

Multas per gentes et multa per aequora vectus

Carried through many nations and over many seas

advenio has miseras, frater, ad inferias,

I arrived, brother, for these wretched funeral rites

ut te postremo donarem munere mortis

So that I might present you with the last tribute of death

et mutam nequiquam alloquerer cinerem.

and speak in vain to silent ash,

Quandoquidem fortuna mihi tete abstulit ipsum.

Since fortune has carried away from me you in the flesh

Heu miser indigne frater adempte mihi,

Atlas, poor brother, unfairly taken away from me,

nunc tamen interea haec, prisco quae more parentum

now in the meantime, nevertheless, these things which in the ancient custom of ancestors

tradita sunt tristi munere ad inferias,

are handed over as a sad tribute to the rites

accipe fraterno multum manantia fletu,

receive, dripping much with brotherly weeping.

atque in perpetuum, frater, ave atque vale.

And forever, brother, hail and farewell.

Adonais written by Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)

Thursday, December 14, 2006


Author's Comments

As any cool cat would tell you, Prose Poetry is better explained by comparing and contrasting it against Prose and Free Verse, as well as providing its own suitable description.

Prose Poetry is characterised with rhythmic, aural and syntactic repetition; compression of thought; sustained intensity and patterned structure, but is set on the page in a continous sequence of sentences as in prose, without line breaks.

Prose is the ordinary language people use in speaking or writing, as distinguished from the heightened language of poetry. In Prose, the line is not treated as a formal unit, nor does it employ the repetitive patterns of rhythm or meter associated with the many forms of poetic expression. The cadence or rhythmical prose (Prose Poetry) is not pre-established but emerges from the rhythm of thought.

Cadence is the recurrent rhythmical pattern of lines of verses; also, the natural tone or modulation of the voice determined by the alternation of stressed or unstressed syllables. It differs from meter in that it is not necessarily regular but rather a more flexible concept of rhythm such as is characteristic of Free Verse and Prose Poetry.

One of the characteristics that distinguishes Free Verse from Prose Poetry (rhythmical prose) is that Free Verse has line breaks which divide the content into uneven rhythmic units. The liberation from metrical regularity allows such writers a free hand to select as it were, line breaks appropirate to the intended sense of the text, as well as to shape the white space on the page for visual effects.

Free Verse enjoys a greater potential for visual arrangement than is possible in metrical verse. Free Verse writers can structure the relationships between white space and textual elements to indicate pause, distance, silence, emotion, and other effects.

Free Verse is therefore, a fluid form which conforms to no set rules of traditional versification. This liberalization it enjoys is all because it is not governed by fixed patterns of meter and rhyme. However, writers of Free Verse employ familiar poetic devices such as assonance, alliteration, imagery, causura, figures of speech, and so on. The rhythmic effects in Free Verse depends on the syllabic cadences emerging from the context. Free Verse has come into North American Literature as the preferred genre by the Imagists. However, current trends are suggesting some shift back to structured forms of poetry are this seems to be emerging. I guess that the proliferation of Free Verse (good and bad fast food) may be the culprit. Who knows, really! We'll have to watch this trend with bated breath. As I was saying, for the imagists writers of Free Verse, imagism has become the core of their poetic expression. They believe that Free Verse allows the though process to flow uninhibited while sucking in new rhythmic effects, colloquial language, and the expression of ideas and emotions, with clear, well-defined images, rather than through romanticism or symbolism. Now to end on a clear note, I think it is prudent to say a little something on the terms: romantism, symbolism, realism and neo-classicism. Got to fill up this blog anyway, so I'm smiling. Are you smiling too! I hope so! It kills stress. I'm sure you know that. Anyway, as I would like to say...

Romantism formed its roots as an 18th Century movement revolting against the conventional strictness of neo-classicism and placing artistic emphasis on imagination and the emotions.

Symbolism has its roots in a movement in the 19th Century that reacted against realism. Influenced by the connections between music and poetry, it sought to symbolize the basic idea or emotion of each poem.

Realism concerns itself with fact or reality and rejects the impractical and the visionary.

Neo-classicism in literature from an English orientation depends on most fundamentally a consensus about a body of work that has achieved canonic status. These are the "classic" models. Novelty, improvisation, self-expression, and blinding inspiration are not tenents of neo-classical virtues. Neo-classicism exhibits perfect control of an idiom. It does not recreate art forms from the ground up with each new project, in short it does not reinvent the wheel, as modernism appears to demand.

In any culture can be found the relative canons of classics and a recurring strain of neo-classicism appears to be a natural expression of a culture at a certain moment in its career, a culture that is highly self-aware, that is also confident of its own mainstream tradition, but at the same time feels the need to "regain" something that has slipped away. Now as I ponder on this I do believe my homeland, Barbados is at the crossroads in this respect. It is going through a phase of neo-classicism for the call is constantly echoed "we need to regain our past and culture" then pessimistic fence sitters under their armpits would say in sarcastic parlance that "Bajans ain't got no culture"... that is gross understatement I have ever heard. Of course, there is much culture that is distinctly Barbadianism: West Indianism and Caribbeanism are not merely buzzwords they can define our roots and rich cultural heritage and more importantly as a revered nation. I'd say that we should keep holding on to these isms for they augurs well for our decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music and architecture for we are a proud nation with self-awareness, confidence..."friends of all, satellites of none."It defines who we truly are and how far we have grown into a self-governing nation.

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In plenty and in time of need
When this fair land was young
Our brave forefathers sowed the seed
From which our pride was sprung
A pride that makes no wanton boast
Of what it has withstood
That binds our hearts from coast to coast
The pride of nationhood


We loyal sons and daughters all
Do hereby make it known
These fields and hills beyond recall
Are now our very own
We write our names on history's page
With expectations great
Strict guardians of our heritage
Firm craftsmen of our fate

The Lord has been the people's guide
For past three hundred years.
With Him still on the people's side
We have no doubts or fears.
Upward and onward we shall go,
Inspired, exulting, free,
And greater will our nation grow
In strength and unity.


We loyal sons and daughters all
Do hereby make it known
These fields and hills beyond recall
Are now our very own
We write our names on history's page
With expectations great
Strict guardians of our heritage
Firm craftsmen of our fate

The tree that gave Barbados its name

Independent Barbados Shelved Guy Fawkes Night

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Halloween Poetry - Pirates of the Caribbean

Poems for September 11

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(Diastic Reading Through Procedures)
(Reversed Telestich)
No Friendly Sky Anymore
(in Diastic)
No Friendly Sky Anymore
(in Free Verse)
Nine Eleven's Broken Promise
(Iambic Tetrameter abab)
Ode to Sweet Revenge - Ground Zero Never
(in Irregular Ode)

Hello Sweden


Midsummer's Day Exquisiteness

Sample Didactic Poems

Didactic Poetry is intended to convey instruction and
information as well as pleasurable reading. It can assume
the mode and features of imaginative works by infusing knowledge in a variety of forms such as dramatic poetry, satire, parody, among others. There is the popular view that allegory, aphorisms, apologues, fables, gnomes and proverbs are specific types of Didactic Poetry because of their close affinity.

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If Words
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Too Sweet

Royal Wedding Cake for Prince William and Kate Middleton


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Laugh it Off
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Barbados' National Festival of Culture July 1 to August 1

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Thank God only minor damage has been caused by this 7.0 Earthquake in New Zealand's North and South Islands.

Kia ora

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National Anthems of New Zealand

Anthem 1

Māori Version

E Ihowā Atua,
O ngā iwi mātou rā
Āta whakarangona;
Me aroha noa
Kia hua ko te pai;
Kia tau tō atawhai;
Manaakitia mai

Ōna mano tāngata
Kiri whero, kiri mā,
Iwi Māori, Pākehā,
Rūpeke katoa,
Nei ka tono ko ngā hē
Māu e whakaahu kē,
Kia ora mārire

Tōna mana kia tū!
Tōna kaha kia ū;
Tōna rongo hei pakū
Ki te ao katoa
Aua rawa ngā whawhai
Ngā tutū e tata mai;
Kia tupu nui ai

Waiho tona takiwā
Ko te ao mārama;
Kia whiti tōna rā
Taiāwhio noa.
Ko te hae me te ngangau
Meinga kia kore kau;
Waiho i te rongo mau

Tōna pai me toitū
Tika rawa, pono pū;
Tōna noho, tāna tū;
Iwi nō Ihowā.
Kaua mōna whakamā;
Kia hau te ingoa;
Kia tū hei tauira;

English Version

God of Nations at Thy feet,
In the bonds of love we meet,
Hear our voices, we entreat,
God defend our free land.
Guard Pacific's triple star
From the shafts of strife and war,
Make her praises heard afar,
God defend New Zealand.

Men of every creed and race,
Gather here before Thy face,
Asking Thee to bless this place,
God defend our free land.
From dissension, envy, hate,
And corruption guard our state,
Make our country good and great,
God defend New Zealand.

Peace, not war, shall be our boast,
But, should foes assail our coast,
Make us then a mighty host,
God defend our free land.
Lord of battles in Thy might,
Put our enemies to flight,
Let our cause be just and right,
God defend New Zealand.

Let our love for Thee increase,
May Thy blessings never cease,
Give us plenty, give us peace,
God defend our free land.
From dishonour and from shame,
Guard our country's spotless name,
Crown her with immortal fame,
God defend New Zealand.

May our mountains ever be
Freedom's ramparts on the sea,
Make us faithful unto Thee,
God defend our free land.
Guide her in the nations' van,
Preaching love and truth to man,
Working out Thy glorious plan,
God defend New Zealand.

Anthem 2

God Save the Queen

God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save The Queen.
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save The Queen.

O Lord our God, arise,
Scatter our enemies,
And make them fall;
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks;
On thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all.

Thy choicest gifts in store
On her be pleased to pour,
Long may she reign.
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice,
God save The Queen.

Note: The second verse of 'God Save The Queen' is commonly omitted.

Edmund Hillary


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